In the family law context, a court can only hear a suit affecting children if it has been granted jurisdiction in "family-law matters" which include adoptions, divorces, annulments, child welfare, custody, support issues and relationships of the wife and husband and children.
In Texas, district courts are the primary trial courts and all district courts have family law jurisdiction. However, the Texas Constitution gives the legislature the power to create specialized "family district courts" to help handle the huge caseload in certain counties. Follows is a list of counties that have family law district courts:
- El Paso
- Fort Bend